Scholars dispute and the case is still before the courts. Quintus Horace (65-8 BC)
Physics : Titbits3
Centrifugal Forces. The big engine
Gas balls in outer space are assembled from prime energy by LED zones, availability of gas determines (like our
moon) final size. Balls need pressure increase to generate heat, because gravitational pull cannot generate heat.
Heat on a perpetual basis can only be generated by a perpetual pressure increase as provided by centrifugal forces
(CF) when a ball of cold gas starts to spin, thereby perpetually pressurizing gas along the equator. This causes
currents to flow outwards, then towards the centre and back to the equator as a illustrated. This gradually turns balls
of cold gas into a balls of hot gas like our sun, hence creation
Currents generated by centrifugal forces will:-
Generate heat by perpetual pressurisation
Distribute that heat throughout gas balls
Use heat/pressure/milling to manufacture particles/atoms
Manufacture from particles the nuclei of small gas
balls that end up as moons and planets like ours
Convert larger gas balls into burning stars, like our sun
Create solar flares (sun spots) at S1,2,3,4 where CF
rise to near the surface either side of the equator
Move tectonic plates, causing continental drift, forcing
massive mountain ranges like the Himalayas, Andes
Alter the magnetic North pole
Create a buildup of material at points M1 and M2 which will become
continental crusts, in our case 30-40 km thick against our oceanic crust
of 6-8 km thickness which was created by "rifting"
Spinning motion also initiates the perpetual motion of matter (PEMM),
(see below) which makes spinning balls the big engines that drive creation, hence life.
Pemm and Earth's Magnetic Field
PEMM ( perpetual motion of matter) discovered by Jan Ingenhousz in 1785 (also known as Brownian motion) was
introduced under "Index".
Permanent magnets can only be created from four extremely hard metals; nickel, iron, cobalt, gadolinium and their
alloys. For that reason the whole Earth cannot possibly resemble a bar type magnet in any way. Even a gas ball like
Jupiter produces a tremendously powerful magnetic field, some 19 times stronger than our own. The only possibility
is that since the Earth is rotating inside the magnetic fields produced by our sun, all our planets and millions of
irregularly spaced stars and gas balls in our galaxy, atoms cutting through that magnitude of different fields become
agitated (in much the same way the gyros described under "Spinning things" in Titbits2) causing matter to be
disturbed, perpetually causing prime energy displacements, hence a permanent magnetic field.
PEMM is not only the origin of magnetic fields surrounding planets, gas balls and stars, it also is the initiator and
driving force behind Coulomb's fields, hence of all known reactions and interactions, including duplication of our
cells, life, etc. It keeps things moving, makes movement through restricted spaces such as capillary action possible,
allow atoms to slip easily pass others in order to create new interactions.
Light's speed per se, is of no significance whatsoever, it is a metaphor
Start of current wisdom. It suggests that light could be a photon and/or a wave, the weirdest concept
ever devised by the human mind. In it's photon mode it is a particle with no declared shape nor consistency, no rest
mass, nor energy, i.e. it is nothing. But this nothing can presumably have a charge, can be a force carrier, can
interact and travel at the speed of light. It has both spin and momentum. Or light metamorphoses into a wave with
wave properties such as amplitude. Such a wave is "electromagnetic" but is electro magnetic neutral. Wow!
One is lead to believe that all round white light from a candle constitutes photons/waves travelling in millions of
different directions, at 24 million different speeds producing 24 million colors. And that you can see a single color (a
green leaf) because all other colors were absorbed, whatever that means. End of current wisdom.
The word photon was coined by Gilbert Lewis in 1926, Einstein called it light quantum a concept he borrowed from
Planck, who's concept is an elegantly quantified reversion to Newton's corpuscular theory, ignoring Maxwell.
A canon ball travels from point A to B, literally, but light does not travel since there is no mass and/or particles that
move forward. It is caused by small displacements of prime energy. Prime energy happens to be a virtual solid, i.e. it
contains no open spaces, a small disturbance therefor pass along instantaneously to the other side of the world. This
phenomenon is related to Pascal's Law, in the sense that the entire universe is a virtual solid at the same pressure.
Matter has no color, for example, leaves are not green at all, they only appear to be so. The displacements known as
white light cause disturbances when it strikes matter, the actual time the recipient matter takes to recover between
strikes will determine its colour. A very fast return produces violet, a much slower red with green in the middle. All
colors in nature are cold, but heat can also produce various shades of red, orange and yellow.
The above explains reflected light. Light traversing our optically dense space however must abide by a different rule
because it is blocked, slowed down. A mountain range illustrates this nicely when the peaks closest are green, those
a little further away are bluish and furthest away purple. Sunsets are interesting because light is blocked by a more
dense atmosphere and is also refracted. With the sun just below the horizon, the clouds just above the horizon are
yellow, higher up the color changes to orange and finally to red where both refraction and density are severe and
slowing down at its maximum. Higher up red turns black. Refraction plays a part because the higher up, the longer
the dense path light must take towards the eye.
The reader should now be able to explain why comet tails are pushed away by the sun and why the moon upon
reaching a full eclipse, turns red.
Charged Particles and Nuclear Explosions
(Please also see "dinosaur extinction" below)
The theory proposed by Lisa Meitner (circa 1939) of bouncing neutrons releasing energy causing nuclear explosions
cannot be taken seriously because where/how/in what could that energy have been stowed the past four billion
years? In order to be "released" energy must consist of something concrete, surely. If true an atom, say uranium,
must weigh more than the sum of its parts in order to account for the hidden energy. Why and what, could propel
neutrons with such immense force, that they shatter atoms?
For fusion to occur, "current wisdom" suggests, nuclei of low atomic number fuse to form a heavier nucleus, but for
that to happen very high kinetic energy at a temperature of 10 raised to the power of 8 K is needed. For fission to
occur a very high atomic number is needed. Nuclear fusion must be some sort of a joke, it is like saying; 2+2=100
without explaining where the 96 comes from. Mark Oliphant apparently proved fusion in 1932 and Hans Bethe
produced such stunning mathematics showing why/how our sun burns that he received the Nobel Prize.
But planet Jupiter with an atmosphere consisting of 25% helium plus 5% other elements, seems to have no trouble
converting hydrogen without high temperatures and little pressure. Some 70 years have passed since they dropped
that massive fusion bomb on Japan, but they still cannot create sustainable reactions (like our sun) for use in power
stations. Hans' brilliant theory turned out to be, sadly, not of much use
Bertram Boltwood discovered an uranium-rich rock which also contained lead and helium. He postulated that
uranium decayed into lead, a theory accepted by the scientific community. But, uranium 235 with 92 protons has a
half-life of 704 million years. During that period it theoretically loses half, i.e. 46 protons, that's one every 15 million
years. Since there is no way of proving and/or calibrating the 15 million there could be no proof that uranium actually
decays at all. And cannot be used for dating.
Because, if you come across an element with 91 protons you are looking at protactinium, one with 90 is called
thorium, between uranium and lead there are nine other elements. Boltwood's uranium cannot decay into lead
because in nature, virtually all thorium is found as thorium-232, which undergoes decay with a half-life of about 14.05
billion years about 300 million years per proton. Bithmuth the element one above stable lead has a half-life of a
billion times the estimated age of the universe.
The "zircon" method of uranium/lead dating is based on circumstantial evidence because zircon's atomic weight of 40
and its atomic weight per proton/neutron of 2.2 is much less than that of uranium's 92 and lead's 82 at 2.5 which
means that zircon per se and its components have been/is being, created at another place, under vastly different
conditions and/or timescale
De mortuis nil nisi bonum, bless Boltwood's soul, for his theory is not correct. And it will become clear that
radioactivity and nuclear decay are two separate issues.
One must take the following into account. 1.The bigger the mass the shorter the pulse would be. 2. It is only mass
(matter) that can become radioactive, disintegrate or expand. 3. It is gravity that keeps nuclei huddled in the centre
of an atom, a proton, a quark. 4. A rock containing uranium cannot explode, only high concentrations can. 5. And,
one must answer the following questions: Why are only a certain range of atoms, those with more than 82 protons
radioactive? Why, how, when, with what do they generate gamma rays, heat and/or explode?
Nuclear decay implies that atoms loose a specific number of its protons over a specific period, but since that happens
very, very, slowly it is not flying bits and pieces that are dangerous, it is high frequency displacements.
The word "charge" normally refers to something positive, like "The Charge of the Light Brigade" or charging a car's
battery. All quarks/electrons/atoms are charged, but only in the sense that they create their own surrounding
fields/displacements. Other fields are hypothetical, they exist only in the minds of people..
Atoms with 83 or more protons does not have stable nuclides, their mass number indicates the longest-lived isotope
of that element. Being big and very active, they displace much prime energy, the result is intense gravity in dead
centers which begin to equal the gravitational force that holds quarks together and which forces protons very closely
together. The almost total absence of otherwise movement restricting energy and the weakened force holding quark
components together, allows quarks to vibrate much faster, transmitting very short, harmful (radioactive) gamma rays.
Whereas a nuclear explosion happens when all perpetual movement of matter is stopped, causing protective fields
to simultaneously collapse, normally by an external explosion. Allowing captured prime energy contained in quarks
and electrons to expand and return to prime energy with a bang, simply because there is nothing else inside an
atom that can go "BANG". The bang being nothing more than prime energy moving from positive to the negative,
same as lightning.
The theory of bouncing neutrons causing hot nuclear explosion by releasing energy is poppycock. Where is that
enormous amount of energy stored? What would compel passive neutrons to go mad, what propels them? Nuclear
decay is not caused by radioactivity, nor vice versa, they are related though.
Why Dinosaur Extinction is a Farce
(Please also see "charged particles" above)
Species come an species go, fewer than 2% of the species that ever lived the past 1 000 million years, are alive
today. The dinosaurs, a reptile offshoot, also came and also went, just like all the others. Why the fanfare?
Dinosaur extinction of 65 million years ago as a result of a meteorite strike, is a farce because:-
a. It is based 100% on circumstantial evidence since there is no link between iridium in the Alps
and a presumed impact site of unknown date, in Mexico the way Luis Walter Alvarez originally suggested. It will not
be accepted by any court of law anywhere in the world.
b. One can date fossil bones using carbon up to 49 000 years only. Older than that one can only date the stuff that
penetrated the bones during fossilisation. Fossil bones, which now resemble stones, are completely irrelevant.
Radioactive elements are common only in rocks of volcanic origin, therefor, the only fossil-bearing rocks that can be
dated radiometrically are a few volcanic ash layers. Fossils discovered in one of those ash layers will always date the
same as the as layer, irrespective.
c. Other problems associated with uranium/lead dating was explained above under "Charged Particles".
d. Air between the Northern and Southern hemispheres don't mix because air flow towards and rises at the equator,
only to move in loops back to where it came from, The presumed impact site is about 2 000 km North of the equator,
close to the Tropic of Cancer from where most air flows back again. Dinosaurs North of the tropic could have been
affected by dust but South of the equator not at all.
e. Dust from volcanic eruptions normally settles within days, so also would dust from meteorite strikes. Readers will
recall the massive ejections from the volcano on Iceland a few years ago when aeroplanes all over downwind Europe,
were grounded and the massive explosion of Mount St. Helens. In both cases some animals died but only those
downwind, extinctions being caused (like Krakatoa in 1883) by sulfur dioxide, something a meteorite strike cannot
The engines that drive tornadoes, jet lag and dynamos, are related, for example, in the case of tornadoes Earth's
atoms are lopsided in the direction of the magnetic poles where poles will tend to push away electrons and pull in
nuclei or vice versa. If an atom is forced to move up and/or down electrons will brush against the Earth's flux and the
nucleus will act as pivoting point around which the atom will spin, initiating the gyroscopic effect, the axis of which
tends to align itself parallel to the axis of the Earth (true North) in a seamless sequence of restoring torques.
Pass a magnet lengthwise over a insulated copper wire loop attached to a galvanometer and nothing happens, do so
L/R sideways across the wire as for dynamos and there will be a 90° surge of current one way, reverse the move R/L
and the current flows the other way. Contrarily to popular belief such an current does not consists of electrons, some
may go along for the ride, though. It consists of prime energy forced into motion by the gyroscopic effect produced by
atoms when forced into a spin as explained above and where the insulated wire mimics the Earth's axis.
Our nervous system is an insulated 70 millivolt electric network, that cuts through the Earth's magnetic field whilst
travelling in a fast aircraft, in which case the atoms in the network will tend to generate a current in the same manner
as the atoms inside the copper wire, but where the insulated network mimics the Earth's axis. This disrupts our
nerve's signal transmissions as well as causing jet lag, with unlike symptoms flying E/ W, than if flying W/E.
Index Titbts2 Titbits4