Scholars dispute and the case is still before the courts. Quintus Horace (65-8 BC)

Physics : Titbits3

Centrifugal Forces. The big engine

Gas balls in outer space are assembled from prime energy by LEDZ, availability of gas determines (like our moon)
final size. Balls need pressure increase to generate heat, because gravitational pull cannot generate heat.

Heat on a perpetual basis can only be generated by a perpetual pressure increase as  provided by centrifugal
forces  (CF) when a  ball of cold gas starts to spin, thereby
perpetually pressurizing gas along the equator. This
causes  currents to flow outwards, then towards the centre and back to the equator as a illustrated. This gradually
turns balls of cold gas into a balls of hot gas like our sun, hence creation





















                                 Currents generated by centrifugal forces will:-                                                 

Generate heat by perpetual pressurisation               
Distribute that heat throughout  gas balls                 
Use heat/pressure/milling to manufacture particles/atoms              
Manufacture from particles the nuclei of  small gas         
balls that end up as moons and planets like ours            
Convert larger gas balls into burning stars, like our sun          
Create solar flares (sun spots) at S1,2,3,4 where CF        
rise to near the surface either side of the equator    
Create a buildup of material at points M1 and M2 which will become        
continental crusts. Our crusts broke up possibly when we joined our solar
system and the sun's magnetic field altered the positions of the poles.
Move tectonic plates, causing continental drift
Alter the magnetic North pole    

Spinning motion also initiates the perpetual motion of matter (PEMM),
(see below) which makes spinning balls the  big engines that drive creation, hence life
.


Pemm and Magnetic Fields

PEMM ( perpetual motion of matter) discovered by Jan Ingenhousz in 1785  (also known as Brownian motion) was
introduced under "Index".

Permanent magnets can only be created from four extremely hard metals; nickel, iron, cobalt, gadolinium and their
alloys. For that reason the whole Earth cannot possibly resemble a bar type magnet in any way. Even a  gas ball
like Jupiter produces a tremendously powerful  magnetic field, some 19 times stronger than our own. The only  
possibility is that since the Earth is rotating  inside  the magnetic fields produced by our sun, all our planets and
millions of  irregularly spaced  stars and gas balls in our galaxy,  atoms cutting through that magnitude of different
fields become agitated  in much the same way the gyros  described under "Spinning things"  in Titbits2, causing
matter to be disturbed, perpetually causing prime energy displacements, therefor a permanent magnetic field.

A permanent magnetic field implies two poles, North and South, their positions being designated by the nearest pole
of the strongest nearby magnetic field, the sun in our case which may be modifies by other fields

PEMM  is  not only the origin of magnetic fields surrounding planets, gas balls and stars, it also is the
initiator and
driving force behind Coulomb's fields, and PEMM, hence of all known reactions and  interactions, including
duplication of our cells, life, etc. It also keeps things moving, makes movement through restricted spaces possible
by allow atoms to slip easily pass others in order to create new interactions. PEMM must not be misunderstood.
Ingenhousz did not see coal dust being pushed around by moving water molecules, the dust
per se is also made of
molecules, the water and the dust were simultaneously being pushed around but the dust was more visible. Every
single atom in the reader's body is vibrating like crazy, that is why you are alive and well.





















Light

Light's speed per se, is of no significance, it simply is one of a vast number of frequencies crisscrossing the space
around us. Our eyes by coincidence, are sensitive to a small range of those frequencies.

Start of current wisdom. It  suggests that light could be a photon and/or a wave, the weirdest concept
ever devised by the human mind. In it's photon mode  it is a particle with no declared shape nor consistency, no rest
mass, nor energy, i.e. it is nothing. But this nothing can presumably have a charge, can be a force carrier, can
interact, has both spin and  momentum. Or light metamorphoses  into a wave  with wave  properties such as
amplitude. Such a wave is "electromagnetic" but is electro magnetic neutral. Wow!

One is lead to believe that
all round white light from a wax candle (or from a pure tungsten filament) constitutes  
photons/waves travelling in millions of different directions simultaneously, at 24/48 million different speeds  
producing 24 to 48 million color hues. And that you can see a single color (a green leaf) because all other colors
were absorbed. But where and how is the absorbed light stored.?  
End of current  wisdom.

The word photon was coined by Gilbert Lewis in 1926, Einstein called it (in German)  light quantum  a concept he
borrowed from
Planck, who's concept is an elegantly quantified reversion to Newton's corpuscular theory, but
which is in fact a
Coulomb's field.

A cannon ball travels from point A to B, literally, but light does not travel since there is no mass and/or particles that
move forward. It is caused by small displacements of prime energy. Prime energy happens to be a virtual solid, i.e. it
contains no open spaces, a small disturbance therefor pass along instantaneously to the other side of the world.
This phenomenon is related to Pascal's Law, in the sense  that the entire universe is a virtual solid at the same
pressure.

The colourless displacements known as white light cause disturbances when it strikes colourless matter.  Unique link
structures formed by protons/neutrons inside atoms provide for unique elasticities, the actual time the recipient’s
links  inside atoms take to recover between strikes will determine its colour.

The above explains reflected light. Light traversing our optically dense space however must abide by a different rule
because it  is blocked, slowed down. A mountain range illustrates this nicely when the peaks closest are green,
those a little further away are bluish and furthest away purple, same principle as a glass prism


Charged Particles and Nuclear Explosions
(Please also see "dinosaur extinction" below)

For
fusion to occur,  "current wisdom" suggests, nuclei of low atomic number fuse to form a heavier nucleus, but for
that to happen very high kinetic energy at a very high temperature is needed.  Nuclear
fusion must be some sort of
a joke, it is like saying; 2+2=100 without explaining  where the 96 comes from.
Hans Bethe produced such stunning
mathematics showing why/how our sun burns that he received the Nobel Prize. Unfortunately he forgot to tell us how
the sun in the
first instance, got so hot for fusion to start. Some 70 years have passed since they dropped that
massive fusion bomb on Japan, but they still cannot create sustainable reactions (like our sun) for use in power
stations. Hans' brilliant mathematics turned out to be, sadly, a hypothesis.

One must take the following into account.  1.
It is only mass (matter) that can  become radioactive, disintegrate or
expand. 2.
It is gravity that keeps nuclei huddled in the centre of an atom, a proton, a quark. 3. A rock containing
uranium cannot explode, only high concentrations can. 4.
And, one must answer the following questions: Why are
only a certain range of atoms, those with 83 and more protons radioactive?  
Why, how, when, with what do  they
generate gamma rays, heat and/or explode?

Bertram Boltwood discovered an uranium-rich rock which also contained lead and helium. He postulated that
uranium decayed into lead, a theory accepted by the scientific community. Between uranium and lead however,
there are
nine (9) other elements,  thorium 232 for example  decays with a half-life of 14.05 billion years,  Bismuth
209 the element one above stable lead has a half-life of a billion times the estimated age of the universe. The two   
obviously can never ever become lead.

Nuclear  decay starts only after cooling down, know as the atomic clock. If one atom in a pure uranium  sample
decays it apparently loses an alpha particle (two protons linked to two neutrons same as helium) in which case that
atom mutates into thorium with its 14.05 billion year half-life. One may be able  to ascertain the elapsed  period
since cooling down started, but thats all. It is not clear how isotopes (which constitutes only a small percentage of a
sample) can produce alpha (2+2) particles.

De mortuis nil nisi bonum,  bless Boltwood's soul.

The "zircon" method of dating does not differ all that much from the stumbling blocks mentioned above  because
zircons apparently contain trace amounts of uranium and thorium that can be dated. But uranium/lead's atomic
weights of 92/82 differ much from zirconium's 40, their coming together must have been accidental having been
manufactured during vastly different periods, conditions and places.

Potassium/argon dating is a joke because potassium with an atomic weight of 2.05 per proton/neutron cannot decay
into a
bigger argon at 2.2 per pair, i.e. decay cannot make quarks grow bigger.

The word "charge" normally refers to something positive, like "The Charge of the Light Brigade" or charging a car's
battery.  All quarks/electrons/atoms  are  charged, but  only in the sense that they create their own surrounding
fields/displacements. Other fields/forces are hypothetical, they exist only in the minds of  people..

Atoms with 83 or more protons do not have stable nuclei, being big and very active, they displace too much prime
energy, the result being intense LED zones (gravity) which begin to equal the density zones that  bond quarks and  
link protons/neutrons together. With the result that protons/neutrons links become dislocated and also quark bonds
making them freer to move around fast, creating chaos, this results in the transmission of very short, harmful
gamma rays and alpha particle expulsion mentioned above.  Alpha particles have no means of propulsion but are  
heavier than surrounding particles, therefor, their kinetic energy causes their
inadvertent expulsion?

Whereas a nuclear explosion happens when
all perpetual movement of matter is stopped, causing  protective fields
to
simultaneously collapse, normally by an external explosion. Allowing captured prime energy contained in quarks
and electrons to expand and return to prime energy with a bang, simply because there is
NOTHING ELSE inside an
atom that can go
"bang". The theory of bouncing neutrons causing nuclear explosions by releasing energy is
poppycock.  Where is that enormous amount of energy stored? With what, why, how, are neutrons propelled so
fierce that they smash atoms?


Why Dinosaur Extinction is a Farce
(Please also see "charged particles" above)

Species come an species go, fewer than 2% of the species  that ever lived the past 1 000 million years, are alive
today.  The dinosaurs, a reptile offshoot, also came  and also went,  
just like all the others.  Why the fanfare?
Dinosaur extinction of 65 million years ago as a result of a meteorite strike, is a farce because:-

a. It is based 100% on circumstantial evidence since there is no link between iridium  (common inside volcanoes) in
the Alps and a
presumed meteorite impact site of unknown date, in Mexico, the way Luis Walter Alvarez originally
suggested. It will not be accepted by any court of law anywhere in the world.
b. One can date fossil bones using carbon up to 49 000 years only. Older than that one can only date  the stuff
that penetrated the bones during fossilisation. Fossil bones, which  resemble stones, are
completely irrelevant.
Radioactive elements are common only in isolated extrusions and ash layers of volcanic origin being the only fossil-
bearing rocks that can be dated radiometrically. Nuclear decay starts after cooling down, that is when the atomic
clock starts , fossils discovered in one of those ash layers will always date the same as the ash layer,
irrespective.
c. Other problems associated with uranium/lead dating was explained above under "Charged Particles", above.
d. Air between the Northern and Southern hemispheres don't mix because air flow towards and rises at the equator,
only to move in loops back to where it came from. The presumed impact site is about 2 000 km North of the equator,
close to the Tropic of Cancer from where most air flows back again. Some dinosaurs North of the equator could
have been affected by dust  but  South of the equator
not at all.

Dust from volcanic eruptions normally settles within days, so also would dust from  meteorite strikes.   Readers will
recall the massive ejections from the volcano on Iceland a few years ago when aeroplanes all over downwind
Europe, were grounded and the massive explosion of Mount St. Helens. In both cases some animals died but only
those downwind, extinctions being caused (like Krakatoa in 1883) by
sulfur dioxide, something a meteorite strike
cannot produce.


Gyroscopic effect

The engine that drives tornadoes, cyclones  jet lag and electric dynamos, electric motors, is the same, known as  
the  gyroscopic effect. A gyro compass on a ship or aircraft consists of a mounted
NON-MAGNETIC disk continuously
set spinning at many thousands of revolutions per minute. Being narrow, its centrifugal force creates and flings a
flat  high density prime energy field (as flat as the disk) outwards and  away.

Like the gyro above, Earth is in direct contact with prime energy, a layer of which is dragged along by friction, similar
to the wake that follows a ship. The properties of Earth's field and that of the wheel are similar, they push each
other away, but the wheel's field being more intense and  more mobile avoids confrontation by taking up a  position
where its axis is parallel to Earth’s axis, a position where pushes from both sides are equal.

Tornadoes. Earth's atoms  are lop-sided in the direction of the magnetic poles  where  poles will tend to push away
electrons and pull in nuclei or vice versa. If an atom is forced to move up and/or down electrons will brush against
the Earth's flux and the off-center nucleus will act as pivoting point around which the atom will spin vertically,
initiating the (horizontal) gyroscopic effect, the axis of which  aligns itself parallel to the axis of the Earth in a
seamless sequence of restoring torques.

Why precisely it spins one way and not the other has to with Earth rotating inside the magnetic fields of other
planets/stars, which force the long ends of lop-sided atoms sideways causing a horizontal spin one way going down
into a denser field  and a  change in direction going up. The initiators of spinning motion is the long sides of the lob-
side atoms, they get levered not only sideways but are also slightly upwards/dowwards by falling/rising air, they are
responsible for the changes in direction.

Dynamos. Pass a magnet lengthwise over an insulated copper wire loop attached to a galvanometer and nothing
happens, do so L/R sideways across the wire and there will be a 90° surge of current one way, reverse the move
R/L and the current flows the other way. Contrarily to popular belief such a current does not consists of electrons,
some may go along for the ride, though. It consists of prime energy forced into motion by the gyroscopic effect
produced by atoms when forced into a spin as explained above. But  the reason why atoms inside a wire spin one
way and not the other appears to be beyond mathematical description and logic alike. There simply are no toys to
play with.

Jet lag. The two explanations above also applies the Jet Lag. Our nervous system is an insulated 70 millivolt electric
network, that cuts through the Earth's magnetic field whilst travelling in a
fast aircraft, in which case the atoms in the
network will tend to generate a current in the same manner as the atoms inside a copper wire. This disrupts our
nerve's signal transmissions, causing fatigue, also known as  jet lag with unlike symptoms flying E/ W, than if flying
W/E, because the change forces the current flow in different directions.

Other common uses of the gyroscopic  effect are toy spin top,  boomerang, yo-yo,  front wheel of a bicycle and
nowadays in many electronic devises such as smart phones. The reader must have noticed that the front fork of
bicycles are  curved forward, in order to offset the gyroscopic effect.





THIS WEB SITE SUPERSEDES AND REPLACES EVERYTHING THE AUTHOR EVER WROTE ELSEWHERE ON THE SUBJECT
A bar magnet is a variation on a theme by Charles de Coulomb.
In order to create permanent magnets the neutrons and protons (of
the four elements
)  must be separated by a strong  FORCE of
another magnet before they will lock. The figures on the left show a
way of
locking where opposite quarks are forced into positions where
they automatically link/bond.

Neutrons contain two big quarks and one small each, vise versa for
protons. Neutrons therefor displace more PE making them the positive
side and the negative proton side the one which points towards Earth's
positive  pole, which may or may not be the North.
Coulomb's fields
emanate from countless atoms.
The lines of  force (flux) surrounding a
bar magnet are
 nothing more than fields forced outwards at first.  

The above explains why a bar magnet, if cut into half, becomes two
identical smaller bar magnets. And so ad infinitum