Scholars dispute and the case is still before the courts. Quintus Horace (65-8 BC)

Physics : Titbits3

Centrifugal Force. The big engine

Gas balls in outer space are assembled from prime energy by LEDZ, availability of gas determines (like our moon)
final size. Balls need pressure increase to generate heat, because gravitational pull cannot generate heat.

Heat on a perpetual basis can only be generated by a perpetual pressure increase as  provided by centrifugal forces  
(CF) when a  ball of cold gas starts to spin, thereby
perpetually pressurizing gas along the equator. This causes  
currents to flow outwards, then towards the centre and back to the equator as a illustrated. This gradually turns big
balls of cold gas into a balls of hot gas like our sun.





















               Currents generated by centrifugal forces will:-                                                 

Generate heat by perpetual pressurisation at the equator.               
Distribute that heat throughout  gas balls.                 
Manufacture particles using time/pressure/milling/Coulomb's Law.          
Manufacture from particles the nuclei of  small gas         
balls that end up as moons and planets like ours.            
Convert larger gas balls into burning stars, like our sun.          
Create solar flares (sun spots) at S1,2,3,4 where CF        
rise to near the surface either side of the equator.    
Create a buildup of flotsum at points M1 and M2 which will become        
continental crusts. Our crusts broke up possibly when we joined our solar
system and the sun's magnetic field altered the positions of the poles.
Move tectonic plates, causing continental drift.
Alter the magnetic North pole.   
.

Spinning balls therefor are the  big engines that drive creation.


Pemm and Magnetic Fields

PEMM ( perpetual motion of matter) discovered by Jan Ingenhousz in 1785  (also known as Brownian motion) was
introduced earlier

Permanent magnets can only be created from four extremely hard metals; nickel, iron, cobalt, gadolinium and their
alloys. For that reason the whole Earth cannot possibly resemble a bar type magnet in any way. Even a  gas ball like
Jupiter produces a tremendously powerful  magnetic field, some 19 times stronger than our own. The only  possibility
is that since they are rotating  inside  the magnetic fields produced by our sun, all our planets and millions of  
irregularly spaced  stars and gas balls in our galaxy,  atoms cutting through those fields become agitated,  perpetually
causing prime energy displacements,producing a permanent magnetic field.

PEMM  is  not only the origin of magnetic fields surrounding planets, gas balls and stars, it also is the
initiator and
driving force behind Coulomb's fields, and PEMM, hence of all known reactions and  interactions, including duplication
of our cells, life, etc. It also keeps things moving, makes movement through restricted spaces possible by allow atoms
to slip easily pass others. PEMM must not be misunderstood. Ingenhousz did not see coal dust being pushed around
by moving water molecules, the dust
per se is also made of molecules, the water and the dust were simultaneously
being pushed around but the dust was more visible.

Every single atom in the reader's body is vibrating like crazy, they are the little engines that keep you alive
.





















Something for the reader to ponder about.  Earth is supposed to be protected from the sun's nasty bombardments by
our magnetic field. But magnetism is selective, which translates into some of the sun's particles would be pushed
away, others attracted, the other way around North and South of the equator.  And magnetism effects the atoms of
only four (4) out of  94 elements. Lastly, our magnetic field is not a wall, it fades away evenly with distance, those
drawings we always are presented with, therefore are false and incorrect artist impressions. .

Light

Light's speed
per se, is of no significance, it simply is one of a vast number of frequencies crisscrossing the space
around us. Our eyes by coincidence, are sensitive to a small range of those frequencies.

Start of current wisdom. It  suggests that light could be a photon and/or a wave, the weirdest concept
ever devised by the human mind. In it's photon mode  it is a particle with no declared shape nor consistency, no rest
mass, nor energy, i.e. it is nothing. But this nothing can presumably have a charge, can be a force carrier, can
interact, has both spin and  momentum. Or light metamorphoses  into a wave  with wave  properties such as
amplitude. Such a wave is "electromagnetic" but is in fact electro magnetic neutral. Wow!

One is lead to believe that
all round white light from a wax candle (or from a pure tungsten filament) constitutes  
photons/waves travelling in millions of different directions simultaneously, at 24/48 million
different wave lengths
producing 24 to 48 million color hues. And that you can see a single color (a green leaf) because all other colors were
absorbed. But where and how is the absorbed light stored.?  
End of current  wisdom.

The word photon was coined by Gilbert Lewis in 1926, Einstein called it (in German)  light quantum  a concept he
borrowed from
Planck, who's concept is an elegantly quantified reversion to Newton's corpuscular theory, but which
is in fact a
Coulomb's field.

A cannon ball travels from point A to B, literally, but light does not travel since there is no mass and/or particles that
move forward. It is caused by small displacements of prime energy. Prime energy happens to be a  virtual solid, i.e. it
contains no open spaces, a small disturbance therefor pass along instantaneously to the other side of the world. This
phenomenon is related to Pascal's Law, in the sense  that the entire universe is  at the same pressure. And that is
why all fields (e/m waves) travel at the same speed.

The colourless displacements known as white light at a certain pulse length cause disturbances when they strike
colourless matter.  Unique linked structures formed by protons/neutrons inside atoms provide for unique elasticities,
the actual time the recipient’s structure  inside atoms take to recover between strikes will determine its new pulse
length, hence colour.

The above explains reflected light. Light traversing our optically dense space however must abide by a different rule
because it  is blocked, slowed down. A mountain range illustrates this nicely when the peaks closest are green, those
a little further away are bluish and furthest away purple, same as a glass prism


Charged Particles and Nuclear Explosions
(Please also see "dinosaur extinction" below)

The word "charge" normally refers to something positive, like "The Charge of the Light Brigade" or charging a car's
battery.  All quarks/electrons/atoms  are  charged, but  only in the sense that they create their own surrounding
fields/displacements.

For fusion to occur, current wisdom dictates, nuclei of low atomic number fuse to form a heavier nucleus, but for that
to happen very high kinetic energy at a very high temperature is needed.  Nuclear fusion must be some sort of a joke,
it is like saying; 2+2=100 without explaining  where the 96 comes from. Hans Bethe produced such stunning
mathematics showing why/how our sun burns that he received the Nobel Prize. Unfortunately he forgot to tell us how
the sun in the first instance, got so hot for fusion to start. Some 70 years have passed since they dropped that
massive fusion bomb on Japan, but they still cannot create sustainable reactions (like our sun) for use in power
stations. Hans' brilliant mathematics turned out to be, sadly, a hypothesis.

All atoms grow bigger by adding particles with a lower atomic numbers and/or mass to their existing heavier

Bertram Boltwood discovered an Uranium-rich rock which also contained lead and Helium. He postulated that
Uranium decayed into Lead, a theory accepted by the scientific community. Between Uranium and Lead however,
there are nine (9) other elements Bismuth 209 the element one above stable lead has a half-life of a billion times
the estimated age of the universe. It obviously can never ever become Lead.

The problem with nuclear decay is accuracy, they cannot calibrate it the same way they did with carbon dating. And
why are only a certain range of atoms, those with 83 and more protons radioactive?  
Why, how, when, with what, do   
they generate gamma rays, heat and/or explode?

Nuclear  decay starts
only after cooling down, know as the atomic clock. If every atom in a pure Uranium  sample
decays by losing one proton from each atom, that sample becomes Protactinium,  after 706 million years it will be
50/50. If it decays by losing  an alpha particle (two protons linked to two neutrons) the sample mutates into Thorium
with its 14.05 billion year half-life. Bismuth's was mentioned above.. One may therefor be able to ascertain the
elapsed period since cooling down started,
BUT THAT IS  ALL. Switching to isotopes is unscientific because being single
they don't have the same properties as their partners and must be physically separated by humans using a device
such as a mass spectrometer, besides, they cannot lose alpha particles?  

De mortuis nil nisi bonum,  bless Boltwood's soul.

LEDZ (gravity) will always be the most intense in the dead centre of any entity. Atoms with 83 or more protons do not
have stable nuclei, being big  they displace too much prime energy, the result being that their LEDZ intensity  
begins to equal the LEDZ zones that bond quarks and which link protons/neutrons together. With the result that
structures become very unstable and dislocated making components free to move around fast, creating chaos,
which result in  the transmission of very short, harmful frequencies commonly referred to as gamma rays .

Whereas a nuclear explosion happens when
all perpetual movement of matter is stopped, causing  protective fields to
simultaneously collapse, normally by an external explosion. Allowing captured prime energy contained in quarks and
electrons to expand and return to prime energy with a bang, simply because there is
NOTHING ELSE inside an atom
that can go "bang". The theory of bouncing neutrons causing nuclear explosions by releasing energy is poppycock.  
Where is that enormous amount of energy stored? With what, why, how, are neutrons propelled so fast that they can
smash atoms to bits and pieces?

You have just read, mutatis mutandis, how a supernova explodes

Why Dinosaur Extinction 65 million years ago is a Farce
(Please also see "charged particles" above)

Species come and species go, fewer than 2% of the species  that ever lived the past 1 000 million years, are alive
today.  The dinosaurs, a reptile offshoot, also came  and also went,  
just like all the others.  Why the fanfare?

Dinosaur extinction of 65 million years ago as a result of a meteorite strike, is a farce.
 The meteorite strike  was
based 100% on circumstantial evidence since there is no link between iridium  (common inside volcanoes) in the Alps
and a presumed meteorite impact site of unknown date in Mexico, the  way Luis Walter Alvarez  suggested. It will not
be accepted by any court of law anywhere in the world.

Air between the Northern and Southern hemispheres don't mix because air flow towards and rises at the equator, only
to move in loops back to where it came from. The presumed impact site is about 2 000 km North of the equator, close
to the Tropic of Cancer from where most air flows back again. Some dinosaurs North of the equator could have been
affected by dust  but  South of the equator not at
all.

Dust from volcanic eruptions normally settles within days, so also dust from  meteorite strikes.   Readers will recall the
massive ejections from the volcano on Iceland a few years ago when aeroplanes all over downwind Europe, were
grounded and the massive explosion of Mount St. Helens. In both cases some animals died but only those downwind,
extinctions being caused (like Krakatoa in 1883) by
sulfur dioxide, something a meteorite strike cannot produce.

One can date fossil bones using carbon up to 49 000 years only. Older than that one can only date  the stuff         
that
penetrated the bones during fossilisation making fossil bones (which  resemble stones) are completely irrelevant.
Radioactive elements are common only in isolated extrusions and ash layers of volcanic origin being the only fossil-
bearing rocks that can be dated radiometrically. Nuclear decay starts after cooling down, that is when the atomic
clock starts, fossils discovered in one of those ash layers
 always date the same as the ash layer, irrespective.

Other problems associated with uranium/lead dating was explained above under "Charged Particles", above.        

Jet lag and such

Pass a magnet lengthwise over an insulated copper wire loop attached to a galvanometer and nothing happens, do
so L/R sideways across the wire and there will be a  surge of current one way, reverse the move to R/L and the
current flows the other way. Reversing the polarity of the magnet also causes the current to be reversed.

Copper wire. The secret is, ipso facto, embedded in the proton/neutron structure created by links inside non-
magnetic copper atoms where the magnetic force pushes away the one and equally pulls in the other. A sideways
across swipe, causes atoms to  spin vertically, initiating the gyroscopic effect the axis of which aligns themselves at
right angles to the swipe in a seamless sequence of restoring torques, forcing prime energy down the wire.

Jet lag. Our nervous system is an insulated 70 millivolt electric network, that cuts through the Earth's magnetic field
whilst travelling in a fast aircraft, in which case the atoms in the network will tend to  generate a current in the same
manner as the atoms inside a copper wire. This disrupts our nerve's signal  transmissions, causing fatigue, also
known as Jet Lag with unalike symptoms flying E/ W, than if flying W/E, because the change forces the
current flow in different directions.


The Rainbow

If the once fresh batteries of an electric torch goes flat the white light emitted by the filament turns yellow, orange and
then red before  going out altogether. On the other hand, if one keeps iron (or a stone, wood, whatever) in a fire its
atoms will vibrate faster and faster and will after a while glow red followed by orange, yellow, then superheated white,
but no
blue, green, purple or violet. Which boils down to the fact that our superheated white sun produces only
pure white light.

But a cold rainbow cloud which consists of  two transparent gases, can produce thousands of colour hues.

Rainbows are created under  special cloud conditions,  by heavily laden moist air with the  sun behind the viewer,  
and/or very the fine spray produced artificially, by a garden hose for example. Way back, circa 1634
Rene
Descartes
came to the conclusion that light bounces back from the concave insides of water drops at 42°. The inside
of a concave water drop though,  focuses and  reflects sunlight mostly back, the line towards the center of the sun
(think of a solar cooker) being its principle axis. It is therefor more likely that light bounces off the smooth outside of
drops, think of glittering dewdrops.

The angle between the sun, the rainbow and the eye cannot be the same if the rainbow is
vertical because of the
height difference between the top and the bottom part of the rainbow.   Every color is the product of a different light
angle but the angle per se is not important as far as color creation is concerned. A rainbow  is a phenomena that
gives rise to illusions-:

a. A  rainbow appears to be in different places for two people standing next to each other             
b. A rainbow's bow and legs always are the same distance away from viewers, The height             
of the sun behind the viewer at the time "places" rainbows                                                      
c. The various color bands are not placed one on top of another.                                                    
      d. One must not only explain the origin of color bands, but also their specific order because each       
       color
hue, there are millions of them, has a different pulse (wave) length, i.e. a red pulse length is the  
longest and violet the shortest that is visible.                                                                           

Light  upon hitting optically
dense moist air will be blocked, slowed down to a certain extend and  bounce back a
changed color. Each of the lower bands are created some distance
further away from the viewer with violet  being the  
furtherest away. In other words, light must travel a longer distance through moist air in order to create violet at the
bottom of the rainbow as opposed to the short distance required for red at the top. The order being the same as for
the separate colors produced by a
glass prism where the thin end produces red and the thick end violet

One therefor views a rainbow  at an angle from beneath,  like standing  in a stream looking up at the
underside of a wide bridge some distance away; even if all colors
appear to be one on top of the other.






PHYSICS ETCETERA


THIS WEB SITE SUPERSEDES AND REPLACES EVERYTHING THE AUTHOR EVER WROTE ELSEWHERE ON THE
SUBJECT
A bar magnet is a variation on a theme by Charles de Coulomb.
The
lines of force (flux) surrounding a bar magnet are nothing more
than Coulomb's fields trying to restore the status quo.

In order to create permanent magnets the neutrons and protons (of
the four elements)  must be separated by a strong  
FORCE of
another magnet before they will lock. The figures on the left show  
ways of locking, for example,  where
opposite quarks are forced into
positions where they automatically link/bond.

Neutrons contain two big quarks and one small, vise versa for
protons. Neutrons displace
more PE making them positive and the
negative proton points towards Earth's positive pole, which may, or
may
not, be the pole we call North.

The above explains why a bar magnet, if cut into half, becomes two
identical smaller bar magnets. And so ad infinitum